A student has been convicted of being part of computer hacking group Anonymous's cyber attacks.
"Hacktivist" Christopher Weatherhead, of Holly Road, Northampton, remained impassive as the unanimous verdict was returned. The 22-year-old took part in distributed denial of service, or DDoS, attacks - one of which cost the website PayPal £3.5 million.
Weatherhead was studying at Northampton University when he joined the cyber campaign which also attacked sites including MasterCard, Visa, Ministry of Sound, the British Recorded Music Industry (BPI) and the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).
Victims of attacks found their website suddenly crashed. The DDoS attacks paralysed computer systems by flooding them with an intolerable number of online requests.
Victims' websites would be directed to a page displaying the message: "You've tried to bite the Anonymous hand. You angered the hive and now you are being stung."
London's Southwark Crown Court heard PayPal was attacked after it decided not to process payments on behalf of the Wau Holland Foundation, an organisation involved in raising funds for WikiLeaks. Between December 8 and 17, 2010, PayPal was the victim of a series of attacks "which caused considerable damage to its reputation and loss of trade".
Weatherhead had denied a charge of conspiring to impair the operation of computers between August 1, 2010 and January 22 last year.
PayPal also had to pay for further software and hardware to defend against similar future attacks. That, combined with the loss of trading, cost the firm £3.5 million. The amount the hacking cost MasterCard and Visa was not given but the defendant, in an internet relay chat (IRC) channel conversation with someone called Tred, boasted: "We have probably done some million pound of dmg (damage) to mc (MasterCard)."
Three other defendants had already pleaded guilty to the charge. They are Ashley Rhodes, 27, of Bolton Crescent, Camberwell, south London; Peter Gibson, 24, of Castletown Road, Hartlepool; and Jake Birchall, 18, from Chester.
No date was fixed for sentencing but pre-sentencing reports were ordered for the four. Judge Peter Testar said: "I am not making any promises at all by allowing bail and ordering a pre-sentencing report. This is a serious offence and I hope the defendant understands that."